1Assistance Professor of Research Institute of Cultural Heritage & Tourism Organization
2M.A. Student of Restoration and Preservation of Monuments and Sites
In recent decades, Iranian villages have experienced an increasing transformation culturally and environmentally due to the social changes. In pre-modern period (about half a century ago), villages were known as the production sources and had an important social and economic credit as cities foundation. However, a number of changes occurred in the rural “lifestyle” resulting from development of modernism and welfare services in villages which subsequently led to the alterations in house forms. This paper attempts to investigate the changes process and the received damages to the historical texture in Soynas village belonged to suburbs of Mahabad, in west Azerbaijan province and also determines the effective factors related to the damages of rural houses in order to provide the required setting for proper decision- making. The research methodology in this paper consists of historical and descriptive-analytical methods; in general, field studies and documentary methods were applied for data gathering, and descriptive inferential statistics were utilized for the analysis purposes. Investigation of this subject is presented in three sections: in the first stage, the formation procedure of historical development, morphology of rural textures, importance of water sources, natural environment, and social, economic characteristics were defined; in the second step, various features of Soynas village such as architectural, cultural, and natural values as well as building construction methods were considered and the pathology and its corresponding interventions are discussed in the third step.