The Study of Social Sustainability in Urban Renewal Process (Case of Study: District 11 of Mashhad)

Document Type: Research Paper


1 Department of Geography, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Geography, University of Tehran

3 Department of Geography, Science and Research, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran


This research aimed at investigating the role of social capital on the rights and duties of citizenship among master students of Marvdasht Islamic Azad University. 353 students were surveyed using cluster sampling. The study made use of two questionnaires of citizenship and social capital corporation. This instrument benefited from face and structural validity and the reliability index was reported to be more than 7.0. Data analysis was done using correlation and structural equation model with overt and covert variables. Data from surveys were put into AMOS and Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) software in order to be analyzed. The findings indicated that there is a significant relationship between social capital and compliance with laws and awareness of rights. However, no significant relationship was found between social capital and participation and sense of responsibility. Significant relation was also found between citizenship rights. The developed model for social capital fitted with citizenship rights and duties.