Ranking and Analysis of Factors Affecting the Sustainability of Urban Neighborhoods and in the City of Mahabad

Document Type: Research Paper

Authors

1 Ph. D. Student of Geography and Urban Planning, Semnan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Semnan, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Geography and Urban Planning, Semnan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Semnan, Iran

Abstract

Rapid growth of urbanization and its complications in recent decades has absorbed urban planners' attention to stability and stable development issues. In this regard community which is the core stone of urban development stayed away from formal system of spatial planning, and established communities are in contrast with preserving stable development rules and principals, therefore this research in descriptive - analytical way with the aim of analyzing sustainable development indicators and the status of sustainability of neighborhoods located in various tissues in the city of Mahabad, in terms of four types old, middle, new tissue and informal settlement, based on five main indicators (physical, social, cultural, economic, service, and environmental) and 44 sub-indicators derived has been carried out that the main indices as the main variable and sustainability of neighborhoods as the dependent variable have been considered and the Pearson test and analysis of variance of without scale data in SPSS and excel show that between the three indicators economic, physical and service and combined indicator there was a correlation and significant relationship, as well as path analysis in AMOS software indicated the relationship and the direct and indirect impact of three main variable (service, economic and physical indicators) on sustainability of neighborhoods dependent variable, then based on TOPSIS model, studied neighborhoods have been ranked and the results showed that the rank of neighborhoods formed in middle and old tissues due to their proximity to downtown and better enjoyment is more desirable, and the rank of new neighborhoods and informal settlement, which have been developed in recent decades at a lower place in comparison is located.

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