The Relationship between Social Support and Attitude towards the Police on Street Children

Document Type: Research Paper

Authors

1 M.A. in Psychology, Malard Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Shahr-e Qods Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

3 Assistant Professor, Malard Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

The study of criminal phenomenon in criminology also occurs with a greater focus on the individual offender. Measures and activities governing the abused children among the victims who are particularly vulnerable ,Before victimization, by eliminating factors influencing victimization of children - including individual factors( biological, psychological factors), general factors ( economic, social, cultural, political, environmental )and also situational factors (including opportunities for crime) have particular importance and are the subject of social and situational prevention . While crime prevention measures, after the victim is a child, are placed in the area of criminal prevention. In this type of prevention, abused children who have been exposed to this purpose with the criminal justice system .as for juvenile offenders in the criminal process , it must adopt a differential policy , for abused children , also suggesting support-differential criteria is essential. Thus, to implement these policies, the special mechanisms be adopted in every step of the process of justice, for their children against the crimes occurred - regardless of their role in the crime. As the first official institution of the criminal justice system, police who have responsibility of discovering the offense, be faced with abused children. If police, regardless of the vulnerability of children in this stage, only serve as detecting crime, it isn’t considered the best interests of children. This study in theoretical library part and documentary and field research is a descriptive-analytic study. The method of this study is correlation and fundamental method. The statistical population consisted 191 street children in Tehran. To collect data, it is used of the questionnaire. It is used of the multidimensional social support of Zimt et al. (1988), a questionnaire on police attitude achieved by Dr. AnsariFard Najd (2011) .Data using software SPSS Version 19 and through descriptive statistical methods are the correction factors Chi-square and Pearson correction, parametric test and distance measuring scale. The results indicates that according to the main hypothesis , there is the positive and meaningful relationship between social support and attitude of police in street children .These factors affect in the number of street children and this theory is confirmed with confidence factor 99% . In studying the details of a research, it is measured the relation between the factors and street children that all variables have the positive and meaningful relations with street children and it is separately measured their effects which it is confirmed the effect of all variables on job satisfaction. After substituting all variables in regression model, results indicated that the variables and factors have positive affection on street children

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