Gender Identity Disorder and Its Social Consequences among Transsexuals Referred to the Social Welfare Organization in 2013-2015

Document Type: Research Paper

Authors

1 Ph.D. in Sociology, Dehaghan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran

2 Assistant Professor of Sociology, Dehaghan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran

Abstract

Gender identity disorder is an urgent sense of discomfort and inappropriateness of the sexual anatomy and urgent desire to get rid of genital organs and to live as a person of the opposite sex. The importance of studying gender identity disorder and its negative impact on the living conditions of suffering people, was laying the groundwork to do some research in terms of psychology and sociology. In this study, 160 people referred to the welfare centers were studied by using multi-stage cluster sampling or survey method. Standard questionnaire to measure sexual identity disorder is the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR) that was used after localization and adaptation in accordance with the required data in the research. The questionnaire was prepared structured and structures were measured with Likert scale. In order to assess the validity of the questionnaire, method of calculating Cronbach's alpha coefficient was used. The dependent variable in this study is gender identity disorder that was calculated in three dimensions: emotional, cognitive and behavioral. The statistical indicators were used to describe information, (median, standard deviation, skewness, and kurtosis), (Pearson) statistics were used to examine the relationship between variables, and regression statistics were used to predict factors influencing gender identity disorder. The results show that the average of gender identity disorder in respondents is equal to 3.84 that are higher than average (3), and reflects the high level of gender identity disorder among respondents. In addition, 9.5 percent of the changes in gender identity disorder are related to social capital and quality of life variables, and indicates an inverse relationship between social capital and quality of life with gender identity disorder.

Keywords