Family Transformation after Natural Disasters (Case Study: Survived Women after Bam Earthquake in 2003)

Document Type: Research Paper

Authors

1 Ph.D. Student of Sociology, Department of Sociology, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

2 Professor of Sociology, Department of Sociology, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

This current article focuses on “relation between human groups and natural disasters. Although natural disasters have caused considerable damages to the human world, but there is not enough research about the family in disasters. Family sociologists believe that changes in population, technology, modernity, politics, and mass media are effect on transforming structures, relationships, and behaviors of family and disasters have not been considered as a changing factor. Family’s transformation in natural disaster is a new topic family relation of family and natural disasters is a challenging subject, because there are obvious differences between this phenomena, and researcher use different conceptual frameworks to explain these. The aim of this research is to answer the following questions: how disasters affect the family? What changes? What strategies and action chosen to cope with these changes? What are impacts of chosen strategies in family life of women? Qualitative methodology of grounded theory is used in the current study .The sampling was purposive and theoretically among the survived women of earthquake who had experienced life after the earthquake in Bam and our technique of data collection was a deep and episodic interview we conducted with 27 Participants and after the data saturation, data’s were analyzed and the findings were discussed. Bam earthquake effect directly and indirectly on Bam families such as :houses demolition, death of family members, loss of income , unemployment, changes in roles and dimensions family, using drug, increasing disagreements and aggressive behaviors in men, reducing sexual ability and increasing the psychological problems.

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