Designing model of Drug use based on Individual and Environmental Determinants

Authors

1 Ph.D. Student of Educational Psychology, Psychology Department, Lorestan University, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Lorestan University, Lorestan, Iran

3 Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, Lorestan University, Lorestan, Iran

Abstract

One of the issues of youth in Iranian society and Tehran city is drug use. Drug use is influenced by various factors (environmental and individual). In Bandura's cognitive-social learning theory, the process of integrating the individual and social factors on each other has been emphasized. Therefore, this research is shaped by this theory. The purpose of this article is to develop a model of drug use is based on individual and environmental determinants (locus of control, academic procrastination, academic burnout, positive attitude to drug use, parental monitoring, family conflict, drug use in the family, peers and local or place of resident) in young people. This research is multivariate correlation. To test the hypotheses related to the conceptual model, multiple regression and path analysis have been used. The sample size in this study was 460 (54 female, 406 male). The research tools were: RAPI, RLCS, MBI, APS questionnaires, and drug use situation questionnaire. According to the research, 21.3% of students did not use any drug use, and 62.2% used soft drug use and 16.5% of hard drug use. Regarding multiple regression, it can be seen that peer variables, drug use in the family, local, academic procrastination, academic burnout, positive attitude to drug use have a direct effect on explaining the variance of drug use in this model. The variables of family monitoring, family conflict and locus of control does not directly play a role in the model. According to the results of the research, the most effective variables on the drug use in the order are: individual attitude towards drug use, vulnerable local, academic procrastination, deviant peers, family conflict and family monitoring. Academic burnout variables also have no role in this model, which, unlike many theories, is due to the important role of other variables in the study of drug use in Tehran. Also, negative effects on drug use have been shown through the variables of drug use in the family and the locus of control.

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