Study of Knowledge in Gramsci's Theories and Its Role in Epistemological Sociology

Document Type: Research Paper

Author

Assistant Professor, Department of Political Sciences, South Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

The present study aims to study the sociology of knowledge in Gramsci's theories and its role in epistemological sociology and to analyze the part of Gramsci's ideas related to the sociology of knowledge. Considering that Gramsci and his theories are not related to the sociology of knowledge (that is, Gramsci has not deliberately discussed sociology of knowledge), the most important discussions of Gramsci's views related to the sociology of knowledge have been considered according to our context. The most important parts of Gramsci's ideas related to the sociology of knowledge investigate the influence of historical conditions as an awareness factor, the hegemony debate, dialectical theory, civil society, the emphasis on pragmatism of "will-mindedness",and the role of intellectuals, economic agents (infrastructure), and political factors (Workers' Council and etc.). This study is a fundamental research which is based on content analysis qualitative methodology. The library method has been used to collect the data.

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