Document Type: Research Paper
Associate Professor, Karadeniz Technical University, Department of Sociology, Trabzon, Turkey
In this study, the ethnic problems which are one of the most significant and perhaps the primary structural difficulties and problems of the nation-state and possible solutions will be suggested. Even if it starts with the general information, the focus of this study would be the subject matter which is known as the Southeastern Problem in Turkey yet it has started to be mentioned as the Kurdish Problem in the recent years. This study has the purpose of analyzing the mentioned problem in comparison with the Chinese Problem in Malaysia and determining the advantageous and disadvantageous circumstances in each subsection. Based on those determinations, recommendations will be included regarding which dynamics need to be prioritized in realizing a holistic solution process. The comparison will be conducted in thirteen subsections. The mentioned comparisons will be roughly based on the following: short background and homeland of both communities; demographic size of the ethnic group; demographic percentage of the ethnic group; strategic spread of the population within the country; international spread of the ethnic group, if any; intermarriages between the ethnic groups; religious homogeneity and religious rights; social status and socio-economic developmental level; linguistic differences and linguistic rights; level of education and culture and related rights; political organization and political rights; resorting to weapons and terrorist activities, if any. From the perspective of all those aspects, the study will determine the advantageous and disadvantageous points based on Malaysia’s solution process of the Chinese Problem in the way of Turkey’s solution of the Kurdish Problem, find the strengths and weaknesses; and based upon all those, it will attempt to develop suggestions regarding which aspects need to be prioritized in a possible different solution process.