Document Type: Research Paper
Ph.D. in Cultural Sociology, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
The present study aims at identifying and analyzing the major cultural components that influence the political development of Iranian society during the Second Pahlavi era and explaining and analyzing the fundamental issues of the weaknesses and gaps in the Iranian society and political system during this period. Had, done. In this research, using the historical and analytical research method and inspired by Weberian approach to the importance of culture as well as the revised Inglehart approach, the sociological explanation and analysis of the cultural components appropriate to the political development of Iranian society during the Second Pahlavi period have been attempted. The present study shows that the formation of political development and democracy is, above all, a cultural issue, and that Iranian society during the Second Pahlavi period, due to the authoritarian culture of society and the political system, specifically related to some of the essential cultural components. Examples: free access to independent media and cultural rights, the spirit of criticism and questioning in society, public participation in cultural and political affairs, and critical thinking about society have suffered severe pathological deficiencies that have deprived Iranian society of political development.