Sociological Analysis of the Rights of Children with Disabilities: Policies of Iran, the Islamic World, and the International Sphere

Document Type: Research Paper

Authors

1 Ph.D. Student of Sociology, University of Tehran, Researcher in Sociology of Childhood and Child Rights

2 Professor of Sociology, University of Tehran, Iran

3 Ph.D. Student of Social Work, Allameh Tabatabaie University, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

This study seeks to identify, analyze and strengths of policies related to children with disabilities in Iran, the Islamic world and the international level From Sociological Point of view that can finally provide interventions to improve the situation of children with disabilities in Iran. Research method is qualitative and research approaches are also exploratory and content analysis. After identifying the documents related to the research topic and issue, we first studied them and then analyzed them by a qualitative coding method. The results show that, internationally, the Islamic Covenant on the Rights of the Child and the internal laws and regulations of Iranian society, society and the structure of political power are responsible for the formulation and implementation of supportive policies for children with disabilities, and all policy makers To reduce the damage, rehabilitation and treatment are handicapped. Therefore, they are considered to be a 'posteriori strategy' for the disabled. However, in Islamic religion, with Shiism as the dominant religion in Iran, addressing the child is potentially childish, not actual. This means that the children of the next generation in the present generation are considered and “foreseeable”. It is as if the early childhood debate surrounding the issue and the need to respect children's rights, history and generations, is a matter of "transhistorical" and "Franciscan". Islam emphasizes "the future and the future" and observes the potential rights of future generations and has a "preventive" approach. Therefore, the dominant strategy of the teachings of Islam in relation to children with disabilities dominates the "a priori and a posteriori strategy". "Social responsibility" is a central concept that is multifaceted and dispersed at all levels of society, not limited to the dominant power of government.

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