Document Type: Research Paper
Assistant Professor of Sociology, Islamic Azad University, North Tehran Branch
M.Sc. Student, Islamic Azad University, North Tehran Branch
The present study is aimed at assessing the state of national identity among female students of Ahwaz Islamic Azad University and explores the social factors affecting upon it. The statistical society consisted of 8532 students at the three levels of associate diploma undergraduate and master degrees. The research method in this study is a “survey” and collection of data has been carried out by a questionnaire devised by the researchers. The sample size included 368 people based on Cochran formula who were selected by stratified sampling method. SPSS software was also utilized. Results of the research are examined in two categories: descriptive and explanatory sections. In the descriptive section the findings indicate that national identity among the statistical population is good and desirable. In other words, respondents enjoyed a strong identity. In the explanatory section, to test the hypotheses, Pearson statistical correlation coefficient and ANOVA test were used and following results were obtained:
a- There is a relationship between national identity and deprivation variable. This relationship is reversed, that means by increasing deprivation, national identity decreases while, reducing deprivation, national identity increases.
b- There is also a significant and reversed relationship between discrimination variable and national identity, which means increase or decrease of discrimination, weakens or enhances national identity respectively.
c- There is a positive relationship between satisfaction variable and national identity, which means that increase or decrease of people’s satisfaction from the society, enhances or weakens the national identity.
d- There is no meaningful relationship between family socio-economic status and national identity.
e- There is no significant difference in national identity among the three group; associate diploma, undergraduate and master degree students.
Among the various social factors that affect the national identity, satisfaction from society is more effective, than any other variables.