Historical Memory, Ethnic Identity and Globalization: an Intergenerational Study in Sanandaj

Document Type: Research Paper

Authors

1 Professor of Sociology, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran

2 Ph.D. Student of Sociology, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran

Abstract

Identity and collective memory is one of the fascinating subjects in modern sociology. In Iran, it arose again as modern and government-nation discourse emerged, and has been endlessly discussed since then. Such subjects have assumed an increasing importance due to the multi-cultural and multi-ethical existence of Iranian society and recent global developments. Accordingly, the present study has been undertaken to examine the relationship between historical memory, ethnic identity and globalization in Kurdistan, Iran and has been carried out through survey and technical of interviewing with the statistical population of 455 over 15 years old in Sanandaj The results show high mean ethnic identity of old generation, historical memory of middle-aged and young generation exposed to international media. Also, the findings reveal that firstly, Kurdish socialization, secondly, the feeling of ethnic discrimination, and thirdly, historical memory have had the highest impact on the variable of ethnic identity, and in general, account for about 34% of changes in Kurdish identity.

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