Effective Socio-Cultural Factors on Sustainable Design of Urban Space

Document Type: Research Paper

Authors

1 Professor of Sociology, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran

2 Ph.D. Student of Sociology, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran

Abstract

The study of design and formation of urban space focuses on interaction of human and environment. This is an attractive subject that considers as interdisciplinary debates. Thinkers of urban studies pay attention to this matter empirically and theoretically in order to provide a desirable space for human being. This research is based on the theories of urban studies and urban sociology and so on. The purpose of this research is the sociological explanation of sustainability of urban space. This is a survey research and data is collected through questionnaires distributed among 470 persons based on Cochran `s formula in Tehran`s 1,6,22 city districts which taken from household residing in Tehran`s 22 city district and were selected through cluster sampling- multi stage. Findings show that significant difference exists in sustainability of urban space among Tehran`s city districts as this level in no.22 is more than the others and in two other districts are partly the same .Testing hypotheses indicates that there is a significant relationship between social and cultural factors and socio-economic status of household residing in Tehran (given districts) with sustainability of urban space. It means that attention to human needs in design of urban space leads to the improvement of quality of urban environment and consequently effects on sustainability of urban space. Also the results of the multi-variable regression test with stepwise method show dependent variable of sustainability of urban space. Totally, variables such cultural factors, social factors and socio-economic status have more effects on sustainability of urban space. Finally, these variables explain 0/47 percent of dependent variable.

Keywords