Tourism Industry, Globalization, Encounter or Interaction

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Department of Geography of Tourism Planning, Tajik National University, Dushanbe, Tajikistan

2 Department of Geography and Urban Planning, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran

3 Department of Geography and Urban Planning, PNU, Tehran, Iran


Current age is the age of globalization. An age in which the conceptual and semantic frameworks has immersed, compacted, and materialized human beings in the same texture. Hypermedia systems has turned knowledge into a wall-to-wall neighbor and cognitive geography has made people closer together. The world has gotten rid of scattering and dispersion, and the global village or meta-geographical virtual world has been realized so that virtual reality is more effective and influential in the development process than the reality itself. Globalization has a direct relationship with tourism, in other words, tourism is considered as one of positive aspects of globalization emphasizing the local attractions. This wonderful industry is one of factors facilitating the globalization and acts as one of internal flows of global economy alongside the flow of capital from the center to the periphery. The present research has tried to examine the multifaceted notions of globalization and tourism as well as their relationship. The purpose of this research is to study the relationship between globalization and tourism industry and their interactions. The results indicates that globalization will influence industries and services, whether positively or negatively, and since tourism and foreign travelers are considered as a major source of foreign exchanges, this industry play direct role in the gross national product. Tourism is rational and strong reason for globalization, and the path to globalization is possible through tourism.