Content Analysis of the National Curriculum of Iran due to Multicultural Curriculum Components

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Assistant Professor of Sociology at Farhangian University of Kurdistan, Sanandaj, Iran.

2 Department of Education, Koya University, Kurdistan Region, Iraq


Existing of racial, ethnic, linguistic and cultural diversity in different countries, has forced their educational system committed to decent response to the phenomenon of diversity of their communities in ways worthy of attention in national educational curriculum. Multicultural education is a kind of approach that responds to cultural diversity in a society and its educational system. This study aimed to analyze the content of the Iran's national curriculum in case of attention to multicultural curriculum components. In this study, a new method derived from the theory of systems is used to process the data's and the document of National Curriculum analyzed by using Shannon model of quantitative content analysis. National Curriculum includes eight sections, each section contains parts. Due to thisreason paragraphs the unit of analysis is chosen. In order to all cases to be included, the national curriculum targeted by fifty five components (components of multicultural education) content analyzed. First obtained frequencies in each component. The findings indicate that commitment of all eight sectors of Iran's national curriculum to multicultural education components is in low level and even has been neglected.