Gender Inequality in the Lived Experience of Social and Cultural Active Kurdish Women

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Professor of Sociology, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research branch and Tehran University

2 Post-graduate Student of Women Studies


This study has reviewed the lived experience of social and cultural active Kurdish women using qualitative methods and the Grounded Theory. The purpose of this study is identifying their attitude and practical responses to "gender inequality". Due to comparing two different aspects of these women's lived experience, at the end of the study, two paradigmatic models are obtained. The analysis of data and "theory model" provided by this study shows that some factors such as the " system of inequality ", " stabilization of unequal system ", "lack of human relations between men & women" and "lack of equity" led to the phenomenon of " gender inequality". Under this situation, the strategies which are used by women are "acceptance of inequality", "preferring other's interests and projects" and "need for trust & support". Consequences of these strategies for these women are "losing opportunities", "pressure roles", "physical and psychological harm," "regret, longing, disappointment" and "frustration". The other phenomenon, on the contrary is related to the lived experience of social and cultural active Kurdish women which is called "human equality". Conditions such as "opportunities for self-actualization," "experiencing freedom"," human relations between man & woman ", "social activity" and "consciousness" are the consequences of this phenomenon. Strategies which are used by these women are "cultural, social, economic & political activities," "management of general and private sphere", "practical advocate of women's rights," taking the opportunity", "Resistance identities imposed against "Taboo breaking and teaching equity in the family. The outcomes of these strategies are "serving &kind heartedness", " hope, perseverance and follow-up "," model making "," gaining experience "and" gender, learning and equity ". The more "Human Equity" desire among these women, the more we'll face, "taboo breaking", "teaching equity" in the Family", "gender, learning and equity" strategies. The outcomes of the research sites that along with the existing effect of system of inequality in the establishment of "gender segregations"; what's so ever is needed to be considered among Iranian women's experience, especially the Kurds, is the issue of "lack of human relations between two genders" and overall "lack of sense of human equity". Due to different cultural, social & political structure of developed countries, this issue is less taken in to account in Feminist's sociological theories.