Geopolitical Facets of Russia’s Foreign Policy with Emphasis on the Caspian Sea

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Assistant Professor of Political Geography, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran

2 M.A. Student of Political Geography, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran


The aim of this paper is investigating and studying of geopolitical dimensions of Russia in the Caspian Sea. Russian post-Soviet geopolitics invokes euroasianism as its inner rationale and meaning, as a greater good that imbues pragmatic, interest based politics with a sense of mission. Eurasianism as a particular tradition of theorizing Russia’s identity and place in the world has a momentum of its own that transcends the pragmatics of Russian post-Soviet foreign policy. Although Russia remains a strong regional power with firm position on international level it is still hard for Moscow to accept loss of the position of great power.Therefore, Russia makes a swirl in its foreign policy in the Caspian area to create new strategies and stimulates Russian government to get back on the region and Once again take their sovereignty back through the use of military, political and economic power according to the priorities of the Eurasian and geo-economy policy integration in the countries of the Caspian region. The methodology of the paper is descriptive- analytical and it attempt to demonstrate this hypothesize that in Russian Eurasianism foreign policy, the Caspian Sea and Caspian region have a significant value at the perspective of geopolitical potentialities.