Review of Theory of Mind and Social Skills of Educable Mentally-retarded Boys

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Assistant Professor of Sociology, Islamic Azad University, Garmsar Branch

2 M.A. in Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz Branch

3 Ph.D. Student of Political Sociology, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran


one of the most difficult and the most common behavioral problems in people with mental retardation, from mild to severe, That adversely affect interpersonal behavior and unpleasant effect on people's moods and mental self. Social skills is a process that individuals understand and predict the behavior of others and also control their behavior and regulate social interactions.Quasi-experimental research method was used that according to the technical data required is collected questionnaires. The population of the educable mentally retarded boys were 14 to 20 years in Tabriz, the sample size is 30. As well as sampling is done randomly and the individual is the unit of analysis. After processing the data and information through descriptive and inferential levels, according to relevant statistics have been analyzed. The findings suggest that theory of mind is significantly correlated with social skills and among the aspects of theory of mind and social skills are as follows. Theory of mind for the first level of general self-help, communication skills, and socialization has a significant relationship But there is no significant correlation with motor skills and leadership. Theory mind for second Level has a significant relationship with Communication and socialization skills. However, with self-help, motor skills and leadership has no significant relationship. And third-level theory of mind with General self-help, motor skills, leadership, communication and socialization skills, has no significant relationship.