Levels of Identity in the Age of Globalization and its Role on Policy-making

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Ph.D. Student in Comparative Politics, University of Bamberg, Germany

2 Assistant Professor of International Relation, University of Mazandaran


This article explores the intricate interrelationships between discourses on identity and the
multiple processes associated with increasing globalization in the modern age. Globalization is not
only often exclusively associated with worldwide economic integration and the emergence of a
borderless global market but also involves sweeping changes on the social, cultural and political
domains. Furthermore, it entails contradictory processes of homogenization and universalization on
the one hand and localization and differentiation on the other which has led to wide-ranging changes
in the processes of identity formation. Fundamentally, discourses of identity are discussed on
individual, subnational, national, supranational and global levels. Attention is furthermore given to
the role of the media, information and communication technologies in these struggles and the
implications for policy-making within the media and communications sector. So, this paper is trying
to explore the interrelations of different levels of identity and measures its influence on the processes
of policy-making.