A Sociological Study of Authoritarianism in Qajar Era

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Department of Sociology, Islamic Azad University, Arak Branch, Iran

2 Department of Sociology, Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Iran


The present study aimed to answer the question that Qajar government as a political system was an authoritarian government? This study deals with the outcomes of Qajar Authoritarianism and the impact of effective historical-geographical conditions of Iran on emergence or continuance of Authoritarianism. Authoritarianism in this study is not a one-dimensional structure and it is composed of some elements as imposing violence, illegitimate governance and illegal issues. This study is document-historical design and all the existing documents regarding study are study population. The present study is one of the applied studies in which the data are collected as note taking and the data are analyzed by qualitative method. The evaluation of factors in Authoritarianism of the study shows that Qajar era was Authoritarianism not totalitarian with negative economic, political and social outcomes for the society on that era and for future generation. Based on the results of study, we can say that these policies caused the collapse of this regime. This study showed that by review of history, without any bias and prejudice of a specific movement, based on social sciences theories, we can identify the reasons of occurrence of phenomenon and avoid its repetition in future (experiencing).