The International Journal of Social Sciences is published under the auspices of The Islamic Azad University – Tehran Science and Research Branch. It acts as an interdisciplinary social science forum promoting the exchange of ideas between Iranian scholars and the international academic community. It aims to introduce Iranian social science production at the international level, solicit scholarly contributions from colleagues in other countries, and enhance research cooperation between Iranian scholars and international colleagues. As an interdisciplinary journal, it welcomes contributions from across the social science theory and methodology. IJSS publishes original research papers, case reports, research notes and review papers on various aspects of social sciences. Authors should submit their contributions electronically through the Journal website submission system to the editorial office.